Common Name : Gokhru
Botanical Name : Tribulus Terrestris
Family Name : Zygophllaceae
Other Name : Gokshura, Chotagokhru.
Part Used : Mainly the fruit
Habitat : The plant grows wild all over India. The shrub thrives in well-irrigated black soil upto altitudes of 3000 m.
Tribulus is a prostrate, annual herb grows upto 90 cm in length with paripinnate leaves. The flowers are small, yellowish, and solitary. The fruits of tribulus are typically five angled and spinous.
Tribulus is cooling, sweet and strengthening. It is common throughout India and found to be growing as weed along roadside and waste places. It is a prostrate, annual herb grows upto 90 cm in length with paripinnate leaves. The flowers are small, yellowish, and solitary. The fruits of tribulus are typically five angled and spinous.
Tribulus Terrestris is reported to increase muscle growth, improve libido and "lift" male performance in the bedroom. Many different cultures have used it for a number of conditions. The Greeks, for example, used Tribulus terrestris as a mood-enhancer. The people of Bulgaria used Tribulus terrestris as a way to enhance sex and as a treatment for infertility. Recently, eastern European athletes have used it in place of certain anabolic drugs to gain strength and size.
Saponins, semidrying oil, peroxidase, glycoside resin, proteins and inorganic matter. Steroidal saponins mainly furostanol glycosides have been isolated. Large quantities of potassium and nitrates are present too. The plant has significant diuretic action. It is commonly prescribed in urolithiasis, crystalluria, aging and non specific powerlessness.
The effects of Tribulus Terrestris alcoholic extract have been studied; the alkaloids seem responsible for a slight increase in blood pressure, and increase in renal perfusion. The litholytic action of the fruit is attributed to the aspartic and glutamic acid content. The aphrodisiac and fertility-potentiating action of the plant has been studied. The furoctanol biglycosides have been active in stimulating spermatogenesis and Sertoli cell activity in rats. Oral application of the saponin terrestrioside-F in male rats increased libido and sexual responses. In female rats, this compound potentiated estrus and increased fertility.
The plant has significant diuretic action. It is also commonly prescribed in urolithiasis and nonspecific impotence. As a kashayam it is given to elderly patients.
Tribulus Terrestris is used in various herbal formulas to treat headaches, eye problems such as itching, conjunctivitis and weak vision, and nervousness. It is also used to treat high blood pressure and rib pain. The hormone balancing effects of Tribulus Terrestris for women makes this herb suitable for premenstrual syndrome and menopausal syndrome.
Tribulus contains Sterols like betasitosterols or stigma. These substances protect the prostate from swelling and in combination with the X steroidal saponins, protect the prostate from cancer. Tribulus is used in case of impotence and spermaturia as it helps to increase the level of the luteinizing hormone in the body and improved the synthesis of the testicular male sex hormone. So it is being aphrodisiac in nature.
Traditionally use of Tribulus is found to be effective in case of gout.